The response of the UN Mechanisms to the Situation in Darfur since 15 April 2023

For the past seven months, particularly in May 2023, the Sudanese region of Darfur has been the scene of a bloody conflict that has led to the death of hundreds of civilians and the displacement of thousands. Darfur states are again ravaged by armed conflict, and atrocities are taking place on a comparable scale in the region. The Rapid Support Forces (RSF) and the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) are still killing, raping and looting the same Darfurian communities. The international response to the ongoing conflict has been glacial and the reaction to the situation in Darfur is ever slower. This is even though what is happening in Darfur is a direct outcome of the first Darfur crisis of the early 2000s, which brought forth the RSF and its leader General Mohamed Hamdan Dagolo, known as Hemedti.

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Empowering Sudan: The Crucial Role of Women in Peace Processes

Sudan, a nation marked by a history of conflict, underscores the vital importance of achieving lasting peace. This narrative explores the multifaceted role of women in Sudan, emphasizing their potential as catalysts for positive change in building a sustainable and inclusive peace. With women constituting half of Sudan's population, their active participation is not just a matter of equality but a strategic imperative.

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Justice for El Geneina: Mechanisms to  Holding Perpetrators Accountable for West Darfur Atrocities

El Geneina, a city in West Darfur, has endured a harrowing chapter in its history, characterized by a devastating war that left a wake of human rights violations and appalling crimes. Despite initially appearing safe at the onset of the current conflict, its tranquility shattered on the 24th day of April when the warring parties centered their fighting around it. The violence has since taken on an ethnic turn, leading to a new round of ethnic cleansing and demanding urgent action.

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Stolen innocence: Children forcefully recruited into armed conflict in Sudan

Conflict related violations against children has been happening in Sudan for decades. However, the situation took a turn for the worst when an armed conflict broke out between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) on 15 April 2023. The warring parties have been involved in the commission of grave violations against children including the recruitment of child soldiers. Regardless of how children are recruited and their roles, child soldiers are victims, whose participation in conflict bears serious implications for their physical and emotional well-being. The children are commonly subjected to abuse and most of them witness death, killing, and sexual violence. Many are forced to commit violent acts against other children and civilians and and resultantly suffer serious long-term psychological consequences from such violations.

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The recent political and human rights developments in Darfur

There are significant developments on both the political and the human rights levels in Sudan during the past couple of months. In particular, the past few weeks have witnessed movements by the Rapid Support Forces to focus on the Darfur region, with the aim of using this region as a strategic military base from which it can bring about a change in the balance of military and political power.

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Al-jazeera state: 26 men arbitrarily arrested and allegedly killed by the Military Intelligence Unit in Wad Madani

The African Center for Justice and Peace Studies (ACJPS) expresses deep concern about the rising levels of ethnic violence and the perpetuation of the trend by the warring parties in Sudan. In this release, ACJPS has documented incidents where Pro-National Congress Party (NCP) Military Intelligence personnel arrested and allegedly killed 26 male Sudanese citizens in Wad Madani, Al-jazeera state.

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Sudan: 22 civilians killed as a result of Airstrikes by the Sudanese Army in Nyala, South Darfur

Tragedy continues to unfold in Nyala, South Darfur as conflict escalates. Recent attacks by the Sudanese Army have resulted in the death of approximately 30 civilians including children and 22 others have sustained injuries and massive destruction of property.

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RSF and allied militia accused of looting vehicles including those carrying humanitarian aid

Looting has carried on for months and continues as law and order has broken down in Sudan, with none of the police stations operating across the country making it impossible for victims to report cases of stolen property. The warring parties are accused of perpetuating the violation of the economic rights of the Sudanese citizens. In this release, ACJPS has documented an incident where RSF and allied militia allegedly participated in the looting of 35 vehicles including those delivering humanitarian aid to Sudanese citizens in Aljazeera state.

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النزاع المسلح في السودان: حرب على أجساد النساء

ظل المركز الأفريقي للعدالة ودراسات السلام (ACJPS) يسعى لإيصال صوت النساء السودانيات وذلك من خلال توثيق حوادث وشهادات الناجيات من العنف الجنسي خلال النزاع المسلح المستمر في السودان مع التركيز على حوداث الإغتصاب والاستعباد الجنسي. و توضح الشهادات الواردة في هذا البيان إلى أن الاغتصاب هو ممارسة ممنهجة لدى قوات الدعم السريع شبه العسكرية في مناطق النزاع ومجموعات قطاع الطرق التي تستغل الفوضى. جميع الأسماء المستخدمة في هذا البيان هي أسماء مستعارة لحماية الضحايا.

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Civil Society Recommendations to the African Union Peace and Security Council (AU PSC) on theSituation in Sudan

Almost 8 months since the conflict in Sudan broke out, Sudanese civilians continue to face a catastrophic humanitarian crisis, mass atrocities, and a looming risk of genocide with no end in sight. Children, women and girls, are bearing the heaviest brunt of the war. According to the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Sudan has the world's largest displacement rate; with more than 7 million people displaced inside and outside Sudan. According to UN OCHA, more than 12.190 people have been reported killed since the fighting broke out. The conflict and political dynamics have been shifting rapidly. The main two belligerent factions have continued escalating attacks in different strategic regions in Sudan to gain more territory and supremacy: including in Darfur, Kordofan and Khartoum. The conflict is becoming protracted and expanding to the borders of South Sudan. It is an overall situation of chaos and terrorizing civilians. Sudan is no longer solely an internal conflict as it has clear regional ramifications and therefore is a matter of regional stability and international peace and security. Various reports suggest that external powers are fueling the conflict in Sudan through supporting the belligerents, including allegations of supply of weapons.

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توصيات المجتمع المدني إلى مجلس السلم والأمن التابع للاتحاد الأفريقي بشأنالوضع في السودان

وصف موجز للوضع الراهن في السودان تلامس الحرب في السودان إكتمال شهرها الثامن، في حين يبقى المدنيون السودانيون في مواجهة أزمة إنسانية كارثية، وفظائع جماعية، وخطر إبادة جماعية يلوح في الأفق دون نهاية منظورة. و ينصب عبء الحرب الأكبر على الأطفال والنساء والفتيات. وقد نزح أكثر من 7 ملايين شخص داخل السودان وخارجه وفقاً للمنظمة الدولية للهجرة، وبذلك يسجل السودان أكبر معدل نزوح في العالم. في وقت أفاد فيه مكتب الأمم المتحدة لتنسيق الشؤون الإنسانية، بإحصاء أكثر من 12.190 شخصا من اللذين فقدوا أرواحهم منذ إشتعال الحرب.

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مجلس السلم والأمن الافريقي يقرّر تشكيل فريق عالي المستوى للتعامل مع الوضع في السودان

يرحب المركز الأفريقي لدراسات العدالة والسلام بالقرار الصادر عن مجلس السلم والأمن التابع للاتحاد الأفريقي في اجتماعه الوزاري رقم 1185، بشأن الوضع في السودان، والذي يقضي بإنشاء فريق رفيع المستوى للتعامل مع النزاع المسلح الدائر في السودان.

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